Understanding Techniques, Risks, and Recovery for Enhanced Patient Care of Laparoscopic Appendectomy

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62497/IRABCS.2024.55

Keywords:

laparoscopic appendectomy, acute appendicitis, surgical technique, complications, recovery outcomes

Abstract

Introduction: Because laparoscopic appendectomy is a less intrusive procedure with good results, it has become the accepted surgical treatment for acute appendicitis. In order to improve patient care, this study sought to thoroughly examine the methods, related hazards, and recuperation times of laparoscopic appendectomy.

Methodology: A retrospective cohort study comprising 87 patients who had laparoscopic appendectomy between June 2023 and May 2024 was carried out at District Headquarters (DHQ) Hospital Kohat. Patient demographics, surgery specifics, problems, and recovery results were all recorded. To assess the data, statistical analysis such as t-tests and chi-square tests were carried out.

Results: The study population's mean age was 34.5 years, and its male to female ratio was slightly greater (57.5%). The average operating duration was 65.2 minutes, and in 13.8% and 39.1% of cases, respectively, differences in surgical technique—such as the use of SILS and advanced energy devices—were noted. The incidence of complications was minimal, with 2.3% of patients experiencing intraoperative injuries, 8.0% experiencing postoperative infections, and 4.6% developing abscesses. There were no discernible variations between male and female patients' recovery results or complication rates.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that laparoscopic appendectomy is safe, effective, and has a low risk of complications and good recovery results when treating acute appendicitis. The results validate laparoscopic procedures as the gold standard surgical method. To improve surgical methods and postoperative care guidelines and eventually improve patient outcomes, further research is necessary.

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Published

06/30/2024

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How to Cite

1.
Ahmad J, Imtiaz Ali, Akhtar H, Ud Din Awan S, Khan U, Ijaz F. Understanding Techniques, Risks, and Recovery for Enhanced Patient Care of Laparoscopic Appendectomy. IRABCS [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];2(1):133-8. Available from: https://irabcs.com/ojs/article/view/55

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