The Role of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Managing Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

Authors

  • Faizul Maraam KMU-Institute of Medical Sciences, Kohat. Author
  • Sarbaz Islam Khattak KMU-Institute of Medical Sciences, Kohat. Author
  • Aazan hahib lodhi KMU-Institute of Medical Sciences, Kohat. Author
  • Suleman Ahmad KMU-Institute of Medical Sciences, Kohat. Author
  • Muhammad ibrahim Bannu Medical College Author
  • Sadaqat Ullah Rehmat Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad. Author
  • Sara Nisar Women Medical and Dental College, Abbottabad. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62497/IRABCS.2024.38

Keywords:

heart failure, reduced ejection fraction, SGLT2 inhibitors, observational study

Abstract

Introduction: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains a significant clinical challenge despite advances in therapy. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have emerged as promising adjuncts in HFrEF management, with evidence from clinical trials suggesting improved outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of SGLT2 inhibitors in HFrEF.

Methodology: A prospective, single-center observational study was conducted at Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, from June 2023 to March 2024. Forty-eight patients with HFrEF were enrolled, and baseline demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected. Patients received standard therapy alongside SGLT2 inhibitors. Follow-up assessments were performed over 10 months to evaluate changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), symptoms, functional capacity, and adverse events.

Results: Following SGLT2 inhibitor therapy, a significant increase in LVEF (mean increase of 5.2 percentage points) was observed, accompanied by reductions in heart failure symptoms and improvements in functional capacity. Heart failure hospitalization rates decreased by 50%, with a favorable safety profile observed.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates the effectiveness and safety of SGLT2 inhibitors in managing HFrEF. The findings support their integration into clinical practice guidelines and emphasize the need for personalized, multidisciplinary approaches to optimize outcomes in HFrEF patients.

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References

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Published

07/02/2024

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How to Cite

1.
Faizul Maraam, Sarbaz Islam Khattak, Aazan hahib lodhi, Suleman Ahmad, Muhammad ibrahim, Sadaqat Ullah Rehmat, et al. The Role of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Managing Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction. IRABCS [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];2(1):68-73. Available from: https://irabcs.com/ojs/article/view/38

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