Academic Motivation Among Medical Students of Peshawar via Cross-Sectional Study


  • Dr. Shandana Gul Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar Author
  • Dr. Mashal Shahid Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar Author
  • Dr. Aiman Haroon Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar Author
  • Dr. Iman Aly Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar Author
  • Dr. Maimoona Naeem Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar Author
  • Muhammad Muneeb Khan Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad Author


motivation, academic motivation, medical students, amotivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation


Introduction: Motivation, the general desire for a person to commit to an act, is an essential topic of medical research.

Objectives: To evaluate medical student motivation, compare levels across five study years, and investigate gender variations in motivation.

Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 390 undergraduate medical students of Peshawar participated. The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) was used: a 28- item questionnaire measuring students' academic motivation. SPSS Version 20 was used to analyze the data. 

Results: Only 18% of students came out to be motivated compared to 82% of students who were motivated. Among motivated students, 42.7% of medical students were extrinsically motivated and 39.4% were intrinsically motivated. In both genders, extrinsic motivation scores were slightly higher than intrinsic motivation. The overall results of our study indicate that women are more motivated than men. The results revealed that students are highly motivated in their second and fourth years, while they are less motivated in their final year. 

Conclusion: Our research concludes that medical students in Peshawar were most typically motivated to study because they believe that their degree would enable them to effectively prepare for their desired careers and lead a more comfortable life in the future.


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12/31/2023 — Updated on 01/15/2024


How to Cite

Gul S, Shahid M, Haroon A, Aly I, Naeem M, Khan MM. Academic Motivation Among Medical Students of Peshawar via Cross-Sectional Study. IRABCS [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 15 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];1(2):97-102. Available from:

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