Integration of ChatGPT in IMG Study Strategies: An Exploratory Study of User Experiences and Perceptions




Artificial Intelligence (AI), ChatGPT, International Medical Graduates, IMG, USMLE, medical students, study strategies, mixed-methods study


Introduction: IMGs face extensive challenges when preparing to enter a foreign workforce, such as adapting to new learning systems and studying without guidance, which can be alleviated by using AI tools like ChatGPT to supplement their studies by explaining concepts, generating questions, and providing personalized feedback.

Aims: To explore International Medical Graduate’s (IMG) experiences with ChatGPT by integrating it into their study strategies for the United States Medical License exam (USMLE) preparation.

Methods: This prospective study comprises 305 International Medical Graduates (IMGs) actively preparing for the United States Medical License exam (USMLE) . Data collection included qualitative semi structured interviews and Quantitative surveys via Google Forms. Quantitative data was analyzed with the help of SPSS version 27 for descriptive statistics and inferential analysis. 

Results: A total of 305 participant reported diverse sources through which they gained awareness about ChatGPT  where Social media (31.15%) and online search platforms (28.52%) were primary sources .Word of mouth (18.69%), blogs (8.85%), friends (9.51%), and news outlets (3.28%) also contributed. Nearly half of the participants (49.5%) actively preparing for USMLE  predominantly used it for concept clarification and practice question sessions (31.15%)  , exam preparation and content clarification (28.52%) and summarization of study materials (18.69%). 49.5% found it helpful for preparation, others expressed dissent. Satisfaction ratings averaged at 3.7, indicating moderate satisfaction Participants willingness to recommend ChatGPT averaged at 7.2, showcasing a generally positive inclination. Participants highlighted ChatGPT's usefulness for various study-related activities. Recommendations for improvement included refining responses for accuracy and addressing concerns about plagiarism and reliability .Some participants did not observe noticeable improvements in their USMLE performance despite using ChatGPT.

Conclusion: Participants reported that ChatGPT was beneficial for concept clarification and practice questions, though concerns about accuracy and potential plagiarism were noted. The study concludes that while ChatGPT holds significant promise as a supplementary study tool, users should verify information for accuracy and combine its use with traditional study methods to enhance comprehensive understanding. Incorporating ChatGPT into medical curricula as a supplementary tool, with proper training on responsible use, could further maximize its benefits.


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How to Cite

Khan DM, Dr Syed Abdul Aziz Jameel, Shakil DS, Hassan DS, Abdullah DA, Rizwan DM, et al. Integration of ChatGPT in IMG Study Strategies: An Exploratory Study of User Experiences and Perceptions. IRABCS [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];2(1):47-54. Available from:

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