Frequency of Retinopathy Among Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Authors

  • Muhammad Sajid Department of Biotechnology, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan Author https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7590-6171
  • Seemab Mehmood Medical Student, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan Author https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6769-9483
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Khan Medical Student, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan Author
  • Faiza Mansha Medical Student, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan Author
  • Ma. Socorro Gonzaga Leong-on College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of San Agustin, Iloilo City, Philippines Author

Keywords:

retinopathy, type 2 diabetes mellitus, T2DM, hemoglobin a1c, diagnostic criteria

Abstract

Background: Diabetic retinopathy, a sight-threatening microvascular disease affecting the retina, is a significant concern in individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) due to its potential to cause blindness when left untreated.

Objective: The research objective was to investigate the frequency of retinopathy in newly diagnosed patients with T2DM.

Methodology: A six-month cross-sectional study was conducted at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) involving 296 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients aged 18 to 60. The research used specialist technology for clinical assessments of diabetic retinopathy and excluded participants with particular retinal diseases. SPSS 27.0 was used to analyze the data, which included a number of characteristics such as age, gender, and the type and presence of retinopathy.

Results: The age range of the participants was 18 to 60 years, with the bulk (n = 166) falling into the fourth decade with an average age of 36.95 ± 10.12 years. Diabetic retinopathy was seen in 61 people (20.60%) who had been clinically diagnosed with type II diabetes mellitus. There were 39 (13.17%) men and 22 (7.43%) females among them. The hemoglobin A1C for individuals with diabetic retinopathy was found to be 8.4 ± 1.4. In patients with other forms of retinopathy, background retinopathy was found in 32 patients (n=19; 31.14%), 13 of whom were women, and 13 of whom were males.

Conclusion: This study identified a substantial rate of diabetic retinopathy (20.60%) in newly diagnosed T2DM patients, underscoring the importance of early detection and glycemic control to manage this common complication.

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References

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Published

07/01/2023

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How to Cite

1.
Sajid M, Mehmood S, Khan MI, Mansha F, Leong-on MSG. Frequency of Retinopathy Among Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. IRABCS [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 Feb. 26];1(1):50-3. Available from: https://irabcs.com/ojs/article/view/4

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