The Power of Nutrition

A Key Player in Preventing and Managing Diabetes


  • Akmal Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan Author
  • Nasim Akhtar Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Islamabad, Pakistan Author
  • Iqra Gul Khuwaja Yeditepe University, Turkey Author
  • Abdul Haseeb Abbottabad University of Science and Technology Author
  • Jennifer Pham Medical University of Lublin, Poland Author



diabetes, micronutrient, proteins, vitamins, zinc, magnesium, selenium


Both the metabolic foundation of diabetes and the complications of the disease can result in significant losses of essential micronutrients. This review is a summary of the research that investigates the impact that type 2 diabetes has on the body's capacity to digest trace minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients. This review covers the micronutrient status, metabolic needs, and likely requirements for micronutrients in type 2 diabetics. Since vitamin D and type 2 diabetes have been the subject of extensive coverage elsewhere, we will not go into further detail about them here. Some of the less well-known micronutrients that were investigated include zinc, magnesium, chromium, copper, manganese, iron, selenium, and vanadium, as well as certain antioxidants and vitamins from the B group. Although there is still a great deal more research to be done in this field, it has been demonstrated that supplementing with micronutrients can have a positive impact on the control of glycemic levels. More research is needed to develop improved biomarkers of the status and requirements of micronutrients in type 2 diabetes. It can be challenging to determine how much micronutrient supplementation a person with type 2 diabetes should take in order to attain glucose homeostasis.



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Author Biographies

  • Akmal, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan

    Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad

  • Nasim Akhtar, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Islamabad, Pakistan

    Department of Infectious Diseases


  • Iqra Gul Khuwaja, Yeditepe University, Turkey
    1. Department of Medicine, Yeditepe University, Turkey. 
  • Abdul Haseeb, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology

    Lecturer Department of Medical Lab Technology Abbottabad University of Science and Technology. 

  • Jennifer Pham, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

    Department of Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Poland


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How to Cite

Zubair A, Akhtar N, Iqra Gul Khuwaja, Abdul Haseeb, Jennifer Pham. The Power of Nutrition: A Key Player in Preventing and Managing Diabetes. IRABCS [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];2(1):21-6. Available from:

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