Assessing the Role of Medicinal Plants in Combating Respiratory Diseases: A Questionnaire Based Survey in Kohat, Pakistan

Authors

  • Hassan Aftab Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat Author
  • Mehad Ullah Khan Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat Author https://orcid.org/0009-0003-7773-0458
  • Zahid Mehboob The University of Lahore (53700) Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62497/IRABCS.2024.26

Keywords:

medicinal plants, respiratory disease, traditional medicine, herbal medicine, Pakistan

Abstract

Background: The impact of respiratory disorders on healthcare systems is still a major problem for global health. Despite the fact that modern medicine has made great strides in treating these ailments, complementary and alternative ways of managing respiratory health are gaining popularity.

Objective: The main objective of this study was to assess the efficiency of medicinal plants in combating respiratory diseases in Kohat, Pakistan.

Methodology: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted at DHQ Teaching Hospital Kohat from April 2022 to March 2023. The study included 82 patients diagnosed with respiratory disorders, who provided informed consent to participate. Descriptive statistics, such as frequencies and percentages, were utilized to characterize the participant's demographic characteristics and consumption habits for medicinal plants.

Results: Among the 82 patients, a greater number of participants (n=57; 69.51%) reported utilizing medicinal herbs to treat respiratory conditions. Liquorice (n=13; 23%) was the most often utilized medicinal plant, followed by Puthkanda (n=11; 19%) and Ginger (n=9 ;16%). The leaves (n=19; 34%), fruits (n=15; 26%), and stem (n=12; 21%) were the most often used plant components, while decoction (n=14; 25%) and extract (n=13; 23%) were the favored preparation techniques. More than one-third of patients (n=46; 80.70%) suggested using medicinal plants to treat respiratory conditions.

Conclusion: The survey reveals significant utilization of medicinal plants for managing respiratory diseases in Kohat, Pakistan, emphasizing their potential as complementary approaches to conventional treatments. Integrating traditional knowledge into modern healthcare practices could lead to improved respiratory health outcomes and overall well-being.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • Mehad Ullah Khan, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat

    Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

  • Zahid Mehboob, The University of Lahore (53700)

    PhD Biochemistry Scholar, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

References

da Silva AL, Cruz FF, Rocco PR, Morales MM. New perspectives in nanotherapeutics for chronic respiratory diseases. Biophysical reviews. 2017 Oct;9:793-803. DOI: 10.1007/s12551-017-0319-x

Bishwajit G, Tang S, Yaya S, Feng Z. Burden of asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough in South Asia. International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2017 Apr 6:1093-9. DOI: 10.2147/COPD.S133148

Yin SY, Wei WC, Jian FY, Yang NS. Therapeutic applications of herbal medicines for cancer patients. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013 Oct;2013. DOI: 10.1155/2013/302426

Jamshidi-Kia F, Lorigooini Z, Amini-Khoei H. Medicinal plants: Past history and future perspective. Journal of herbmed pharmacology. 2017 Dec 29;7(1):1-7. doi: 10.15171/jhp.2018.01.

Usman MR, Jain BV, Patil KG, Sonawane YP. Concomitant Use of Local Herbal Cornucopia in Providing Relief from Respiratory Disorders. Journal of Survey in Fisheries Sciences. 2023 Mar 13;10(2S):1054-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17762/sfs.v10i2S.794.

Khazdair MR, Ghafari S, Sadeghi M. Possible therapeutic effects of Nigella sativa and its thymoquinone on COVID-19. Pharmaceutical biology. 2021 Jan 1;59(1):694-701. DOI: 10.1080/13880209.2021.1931353.

Zhang J, Hu K, Di L, Wang P, Liu Z, Zhang J, Yue P, Song W, Zhang J, Chen T, Wang Z. Traditional herbal medicine and nanomedicine: Converging disciplines to improve therapeutic efficacy and human health. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews. 2021 Nov 1;178:113964. doi: 10.1016/j.addr.2021.113964.

Rehman F, Hussain T, Abdullah M, Ashraf I, Ch KM, Rafay M, Bibi I. ETHNOBOTANICAL SURVEY: COMMON MEDICINAL PLANTS USED BY PEOPLE OF CHOLISTAN DESERT. The Professional Medical Journal. 2015 Oct 10;22(10):1367-72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29309/TPMJ/2015.22.10.1047.

Lawal IO, Olufade II, Rafiu BO, Aremu AO. Ethnobotanical survey of plants used for treating cough associated with respiratory conditions in Ede South local government area of Osun State, Nigeria. Plants. 2020 May 20;9(5):647. DOI: 10.3390/plants9050647.

Younis W, Asif H, Sharif A, Riaz H, Bukhari IA, Assiri AM. Traditional medicinal plants used for respiratory disorders in Pakistan: a review of the ethno-medicinal and pharmacological evidence. Chinese medicine. 2018 Dec;13(1):1-29. DOI: 10.1186/s13020-018-0204-y.

Jeitler M, Erehman A, Koppold DA, Ortiz M, Jerzynski L, Stöckigt B, Rotter G, Blakeslee S, Brinkhaus B, Michalsen A, Seifert G. Self-care and lifestyle interventions of complementary and integrative medicine during the COVID-19 pandemic—A cross-sectional study. Frontiers in medicine. 2023 Jan 9;9:1033181. DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2022.1033181.

ERARSLAN ZB, Sinan AY, KÜLTÜR Ş. A questionnaire-based study on medicinal plant use in respiratory diseases. Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy of Ankara University. 2020 Sep 9;44(3):437-51. Doi: 10.33483/jfpau.754110

Rana D, Bhatt A, Lal B, Parkash O, Kumar A, Uniyal SK. Use of medicinal plants for treating different ailments by the indigenous people of Churah subdivision of district Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India. Environment, Development and Sustainability. 2021 Feb;23:1162-241. DOI:10.1007/s10668-020-00617-0.

Zahoor M, Yousaf Z, Yasin H, Shinwari ZK, Haroon M, Saleh N, Younas A, Aftab A, Shamsheer B, Qamar NR, Rashid M. Ethnobotanicals and commercial trends of herbal markets in Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Herbal Medicine. 2021 Apr 1;26:100425. DOI:10.1186/s13002-017-0151-1.

Mehta PP, Ghoshal D, Pawar AP, Kadam SS, Dhapte-Pawar VS. Recent advances in inhalable liposomes for treatment of pulmonary diseases: concept to clinical stance. Journal of drug delivery science and technology. 2020 Apr 1;56:101509. DOI:10.1016/j.jddst.2020.101509.

Timalsina D, Pokhrel KP, Bhusal D. Pharmacologic activities of plant-derived natural products on respiratory diseases and inflammations. BioMed Research International. 2021 Oct 4;2021:1-23. DOI: 10.1155/2021/1636816.

Rathinavel T, Palanisamy M, Palanisamy S, Subramanian A, Thangaswamy S. Phytochemical 6-Gingerol–A promising Drug of choice for COVID-19. Int J Adv Sci Eng. 2020 May 29;6(4):1482-9. https://doi.org/10.29294/IJASE.6.4.2020.1482-1489.

Afzal S, Ahmad HI, Jabbar A, Tolba MM, AbouZid S, Irm N, Zulfiqar F, Iqbal MZ, Ahmad S, Aslam Z. Use of medicinal plants for respiratory diseases in Bahawalpur, Pakistan. BioMed Research International. 2021 Apr 5;2021. DOI: 10.1155/2021/5578914.

Okoli RI, Aigbe O, Ohaju-Obodo JO, Mensah JK. Medicinal herbs used for managing some common ailments among Esan people of Edo State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2007;6(5):490-6. DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2007.490.496.

Gazzaneo LR, De Lucena RF, de Albuquerque UP. Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by local specialists in an region of Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil). Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine. 2005 Dec;1:1-8. doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-1-9.

Giday M, Asfaw Z, Woldu Z. Medicinal plants of the Meinit ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical study. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 2009 Jul 30;124(3):513-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.05.009.

Asadbeigi M, Mohammadi T, Rafieian-Kopaei M, Saki K, Bahmani M, Delfan M. Traditional effects of medicinal plants in the treatment of respiratory diseases and disorders: an ethnobotanical study in the Urmia. Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine. 2014 Sep 1;7:S364-8. DOI: 10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60259-5.

Downloads

Published

07/02/2024

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Categories

How to Cite

1.
Aftab H, Khan MU, Mehboob Z. Assessing the Role of Medicinal Plants in Combating Respiratory Diseases: A Questionnaire Based Survey in Kohat, Pakistan. IRABCS [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];2(1):33-9. Available from: https://irabcs.com/ojs/article/view/26

Similar Articles

1-10 of 37

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>